How to install Ubuntu
This is a step by step tutorial on installing Ubuntu Desktop on a Desktop/Laptop. To follow this tutorial we will need,
- A desktop computer or a laptop computer with at least 2GB of RAM.
- Ubuntu Desktop iso image. Which can be downloaded from https://www.ubuntu.com/download/desktop.
- A bootable USB for installing Ubuntu Desktop. You can use LinuxLive USB Creator software for making a bootable Ubuntu USB. How to do it is explained in another tutorial. Don’t forget to check it, if you haven’t already.
- A little bit of patience.
If you have all that are required. Let’s get started.
Step 1: Download the Ubuntu iso file from https://www.ubuntu.com/. There’s two version of Ubuntu available right now. One is 16.04.1 LTS and the other one is 16.10. 16.04.1 is more stable than 16.10. For newbie’s it’s recommended to install the LTS version. The complete tutorial can be found on <this tutorial>[How to install Ubuntu on VirtualBox].
Step 2: Then create a bootable USB drive for Ubuntu using LinuxLive USB Creator software for Windows. Check out <this tutorial>[How to create Ubuntu bootable USB].
Step 3: Insert the bootable USB to your computer and select it as the first boot device. How it’s done varies hardware-to-hardware. Check your hardware’s BIOS for more information.
Step 4: Wait till the installation window shows up. Here you will have options to try Ubuntu or install Ubuntu. You can try Ubuntu by clicking on “Try Ubuntu” to see how Ubuntu works on your hardware before installing.
Step 5: On the Ubuntu installation window, click on “Install Ubuntu”.
Step 6: Don’t have to do anything now. Click on “Continue”.
Step 7: Select “Something else” and click on “Continue” .
Step 8: You will see a window like this. Here you manage your partitions. If you want to Dual boot Ubuntu and Windows, you will have to create free space for Ubuntu from Windows first. Let’s just assume you have free space left for Ubuntu. It will be shown as “free space” on this window. Select it click on the + icon as marked on the screenshot.
Step 9: Now select the size of the root partition. Leave some space for the swap partition. Which is required? The root partition can be as big as you want. Click on “Okay”.
Step 10: Now click on the + icon again and add a swap partition. Change it as it’s shown on the image bellow. The swap partition should be as big as your physical memory (RAM). Click on “Ok”.
Step 11: The partition should like this. Now click on “Install Now”.
Step 12: Click on “Continue”.
Step 13: Type in your country. I will leave “New York”. Click on “Continue”.
Step 14: Select your keyboard layout. I will leave it English. Click on “Continue”.
Step 15: Now type in the details and click “Continue”.
Step 16: The installation will begin. Take a cup of coffee or tea (whichever you prefer) and wait.
Step 17: Once the installation is complete you will see a dialog like this. Click on “Restart Now” and wait.
Step 18: Type in your password at the login prompt and press
Step 19: Great! You have just installed Ubuntu Desktop on your computer.