Java is a general purpose, class based object oriented language that was developed by Sun Microsystems in 1991. The Java programming language was modeled after the C++ programming language. Java was developed as a part of research project. The main purpose was to develop software for customer electronics devices. The main goal of Java was to be small and efficient and flexible programming language. These reasons made Java an ideal language that helped to distribute the programs through the World Wide Web. Java is a general purpose programming language.
The Java programming language was used in many projects but unfortunately it could not get commercial attention. Java got commercial attention when it was paired with HotJava. HotJava is a programming language that was written in 1994. It could be referred to as an example of the sort of complex application that can be written in Java.
Then Sun released the version 1.0 of the Java Developer Kit that is also known as JDK. JDK is used to indicate the tools for the development of the Java applets and applications.
Java is widely used in mobile applications, games, and internet banking etc. The latest version that was released of Java is Java SE 8.
The Java programming language was initially called “oak” named after an oak tree. This tree was outside the office of Gosling, Java was also given the name “Green” but later it ended to be JAVA. The name of taken from a random list of words.
The first version or implementation of Java was released in 1995 by Sun which was Java 1.0. In later 2006, Java was released as free and open source software.