What is TCP/IP?
The initials TCP stands for Transmission Control Protocol while IP means Internet Protocol. TCP/IP is the protocol or primary language of communication of the Internet. Intranet or extranet are some of the communications protocols used in a private network. TCP/IP program is usually generated by a device when a connection is set to the internet.
It has two layers, the higher layer, and the lower layer. The upper layer is responsible for bringing together a file or data into condensed packets. The smaller packets are then disseminated via the Internet and reassembled by the TCP layer to the original file or data.
Internet protocol is the lower layer which manages a portion of the individual packets for them to arrive at the expected terminals. All these packets are usually reassembled at the terminal despite being routed differently.
The address is often examined by the gateway computers to determine the appropriate destination in which the message is to be delivered. The Server/Client model of communication is useful in the TCP/IP program. The design makes it possible for a Client to request a service from another server or computer on the same network. It is in the same model of communication that the sender is provided the service by the receiver. The channel runs from one computer to another facilitating easier dissemination of information.
Every client request is often different from the previous ones and is considered to be independent. The stateless nature of the communication allows every person to utilize the network paths freely. The application controls of the higher layer include HTTP, FTP, Telnet, and SMTP.
The connection of the TCP layer is maintained until all the packets reach their destination. Therefore, it means that despite the individual messages being transmitted across the servers, the TCP layer does not conform to the stateless nature.
The Serial Line Internet Protocol (SLIP) is useful for personal computer users whose connection to the web is by an analog phone modem. The Point to Point Protocol (PPP) is also applicable as they enclose the internet protocol packets. The two rules are essential as they allow the IP packets to be channeled to the modem of an access provider through a connection via the dial-up phone.
The User Datagram Protocol (UDP) is one of the major rules that is used for special purposes instead of the Transmission Control Protocol. The Border Gateway Protocol, Interior Gateway Protocol, and the Internet Control Message Protocol are some of the other protocols that can be used to exchange route data by the network host computers.