Private IP Address Ranges
Individual computers usually have their own special internet protocol (IP) addresses to receive the information that is intended for the specific destination. Your network security is likely to be improved in situations where you are utilizing a private IP address on a business computer or a residential device. It is important for you to be aware of the features of a private IP address and perhaps the reasons which makes it secure from public viewers.
A private IP address is one that lies in a category of the addresses that are withhold for use by the internet standards classes. The range of private IP address ranges usually begin from the 10.0.0.0 to 10.255.255.255. There is a particular range specified for the Automatic Private IP Addressing (APIPA). It runs from 169.254.0.0 to 169.254.255.255.
Another range begins from 192.168.0.0 to 192.168.255.255. These types of internet protocol addresses are mostly used on local networks that can be found at home or in work places.
Direct connection to the internet is not possible for devices which use the private IP addresses. The Network Address Translation is efficient in establishing the connection on supported routers or devices. It can be used for transferring messages to the routers and usually protect the private IP numbers.
This generates a security coverage to the local area network (LAN). It was formulated to avoid inadequacy of the public internet protocol addresses for the subscribers and ISPs.
Reasons for using a private IP Addresses
They usually provide different types of addresses in which you gain access to the internet or network without interfering with the traffic from the public IP addresses. In most cases, the public IP addresses are usually met by a limited supply and it serves a number of users.
The Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) is useful in the Private IP addresses and works to ensure that each internet protocol host is assigned with a special IP address.
The various devices connected to the private IP addresses utilize the DHCP in assigning each device a unique address. This is useful in reducing the number of users operating on a single IP address making it more suitable in reducing the traffic.
The devices located in a network utilize the routers to describe individual requests via the public internet protocol addresses. They can also interact with other local networks and the public IP addresses. A router receives a public IP address once plugged in from an Internet Service Provider. Connected devices to the router acquire the private IP addresses and they cannot establish a direct communication with the Public IP addresses.
It therefore cannot be routed and there will be no connection to the network by the device until the translation of the address is executed to a working address. This process utilizes the NAT and in other situations, it becomes successful when the requests are sent to a device with an invalid IP address. The routers are always aware of the specific internet protocol addresses in which they have to forward the information.